Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering techniques and analyses to problem-solving in medicine and the biomedical sciences.
In most aspects of health care, disease prevention and treatment, or rehabilitation, there are problems that require an engineering approach. These may include developing systems to maintain and enhance life, designing replacement parts for people, or creating systems to allow the handicapped to use computers for work and communication.
Biomedical Engineering is an interdisciplinary field that encompasses engineering, biology and medicine. Some of the key areas are medical electronics, clinical engineering, biomaterials, and rehabilitation engineering. The scope of the field is enormous: from cardiac monitors to clinical computing, artificial hearts to contact lenses, wheel chairs to artificial tendons, modelling dialysis therapy to modelling the cardiovascular system. The field also includes the management of technology in hospitals and health care delivery.
It is one of the fastest growing areas in industry and research. The growing complexity of medical technology has increased the demand for appropriately trained professionals to bridge the gap between clinical medicine and applied medical technology. These personnel must be capable of defining a medical problem in engineering science terms and of finding a solution that satisfies both engineering and medical requirements. Such trained personnel constitute the core of biomedical engineers.
In order to fully harness the potential benefits of this field, a teaching model has to be established that can be implemented in all medical colleges throughout India. This teaching model shall train the next generation of biomedical engineers.